Sunday, December 3, 2017

Greenfield in the late 20th Century into Today

From the Martinsville Bulletin 12/03/2017

[Additional information prior to this about Franklin County's new economic development project.]

Greenfield and Economic Development

When Jerry Burgess became Botetourt County’s administrator in 1992, the board of supervisors already had its sights set on the Greenfield property. [Formerly the Preston property, and now The Botetourt Center at Greenfield.]*

 The area was experiencing growth, and the county needed more industrial land.

With more than 900 acres, the Greenfield site could meet some of the county’s other needs, too. Schools were essentially at capacity, Burgess said, and there was need for another elementary school.
There was also a desire for a second, more centrally located recreation park.

County officials always envisioned Greenfield as more than a place where people would work.

“The county wanted to do something higher-end. They didn’t want an industrial park — they wanted a business park,” Burgess said. “And there’s a huge difference.”

So when landowner Mary Blount died and her will directed that her property be sold, Botetourt County jumped at the chance. It purchased the property in 1995 for $4.6 million. Some of the money for the land came from general obligation bonds authorized by county voters in a 1994 referendum.

Burgess, who retired in 2012, said watching things unfold in Summit View [Franklin County development project]* “has brought back some memories.”

Botetourt County wasn’t looking for just “any old business” to go into Greenfield, Burgess said. Like Franklin County, Botetourt leaders had specific goals in mind.

“Botetourt has never had an employment problem, but they had a problem where the wages paid were very low for a lot of jobs. So people were typically working two jobs, both members of the family were working,” he said. “So the board of supervisors wanted higher-end jobs.”

Botetourt County officials worked with the Roanoke Regional Partnership to develop a marketing plan and determined they wanted to ink a deal with the first business within 12 to 18 months. Exactly 15 months after the plan was adopted, Burgess said, Japanese auto-parts manufacturer Koyo Steering Systems committed to becoming Greenfield’s first tenant. The company broke ground in July 1999.

Then Altec Industries, a manufacturer of mobile aerial lifts and equipment for utility companies, announced in August 2000 it would come to Greenfield. In October of that year, the Greenfield Education & Training Center opened.

For a while, Burgess said, Greenfield was “rocking.” Then, it wasn’t.

It seemed Botetourt was close to a deal with a German company, but then 9/11 happened, and Burgess said he never heard from the company again. Then the economy tanked.

“All of the momentum that we had at that point was gone,” he said.

In 2016, Greenfield began rocking again.

Italian auto-parts manufacturer Eldor Corp. settled on Greenfield for its first North American production plant, with plans to invest $75 million and create 350 jobs over five years.

Then West Coast-based Ballast Point Brewing Co. chose Greenfield for its East Coast operation, with the promise of a $48 million investment and 175 new jobs. Ballast Point purchased an existing building owned by Lawrence Transportation Systems, which had acquired the building after Koyo, renamed JTEKT North America following a merger, shut down in 2010. Lawrence leased the space for use as a warehouse and distribution center.

And construction on an industrial shell building, which would reduce the wait time for the next business that wants to call Greenfield home, also began last year.

More than 20 years after Botetourt County purchased the land for Greenfield, the park is coming together as originally imagined. Burgess praised the boards of supervisors over the years for sticking with the vision rather than throwing the plans out the window when the economy faltered.

“At the end of the day, it all turned out,” Burgess said. “But the boards of supervisors over the years had to show a lot of patience. . . "

About 400 acres remain at Greenfield, and the county is in talks about how to develop them, said Ken McFadyen, Botetourt’s economic development director.

That means Botetourt and Franklin counties will be selling their product at the same time, raising the question of competition. Some say Summit View and Greenfield are competitors, while others prefer to think of them as complementary.

In some ways, a win for one is a win for all. A new business means jobs not just for the locality that snags it, but for neighbors, too. And the good publicity of an economic development announcement benefits the region as a whole. But there are some things that can’t be shared. Arguably the biggest reward — new tax revenue — is collected by only the host locality.

. . .

Greenfield is within three miles of an interstate, something Summit View can’t offer. Franklin County is eligible for grant funding from the Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission, which can support development costs, while Botetourt County is not. Natural gas is available in Greenfield; while Franklin County plans to bring natural gas to its park, either by tapping the Mountain Valley Pipeline or extending from Clearbrook, it isn’t on site yet.

Economic development industry officials believe there’s enough demand in the region to support both parks.

“I’m excited to have more product to sell, frankly,” [Beth] Doughty said.

Having more sites puts the Roanoke Valley on the radar of site consultants, who play an instrumental role in helping executives find a home for their business, Burgess said.

“Something that I have said in the past is that if you sell Coke and Pepsi you’ll end up selling more of both of them,” said Gary Larrowe, Botetourt’s county administrator.

Businesses want to have options.

“Think of it this way: When you’re traveling on the interstate and you’re in a place where you’ve never been before, do you stop at the exit with one gas station or do you stop at the exit that has three or four gas stations and a couple of fast food restaurants?” McFadyen asked. “Same principle.”

That’s how Botetourt snagged Eldor. The Italian company originally was interested in the Roanoke site selected by Deschutes Brewery. When that option disappeared, McFadyen said, they turned to nearby Botetourt County.

* Additions from blog editor.

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Fincastle Bluegrass Festival, 1965

Fincastle was home to the very first multi-day bluegrass festival, way back in 1965.

Here is a youtube video showing some of it:

And here's a write-up about in Banjo Newsletter.

Saturday, April 9, 2016

MCDonald House Photos

Here is a link to Virginia Department of Historic Resources photos on the Bryan McDonald House.

Thursday, March 31, 2016

The Mad Gasser of Botetourt

The Mad Gasser of Botetourt, VA (and Mattoon, IL)

The unexplained "Mad Gasser" attacks began on December 22, 1933, in Botetourt when the home of Mrs. and Mrs. Cal Huffman, near Haymakertown, was attacked by a mysterious figure. At around 10:00 p.m., Mrs. Huffman grew nauseated after smelling something strange that apparently had been sprayed into her home.

A half-hour later, another wave of gas filled the house and Mr. Huffman went to the home of his landlord, K.W. Henderson, where he telephoned the police. Officer Lemon responded. After he left, another gas attack hit the Huffman home, filling both floors of the house. All eight members of the Huffman family, along with Ashby Henderson, were affected by the gas.

According to reports, the gas caused the victims to become very nauseated, gave them a headache and caused the mouth and throat muscles to restrict. No one could determine what kind of gas was used or who could have sprayed it into the house. The only clue that Lemon found at the scene was the print of a woman’s shoe beneath a window.

From then on, similar attacks occurred in Cloverdale (about 10 miles away)  on Christmas Eve;  December 27 in Troutville (also nearby); January 10, again in Haymakertown as well as one in Troutville; January 16 in Bonsack; January 19 in Cloverdale, January 21 (Cloverdale); and three more on January 22 in the Carvin's Cove area over a two-mile area.

On January 23, an attack occurred in the Pleasant Dale Church area (Lee's Gap). Other attacks occurred in Nace and Lithia, but after about 20 more reports in nearby Roanoke County, police decided that only the original few incidents were real and the rest hysteria. Newspapers reported the the unconvincing theory that faulty chimney flues and wild imaginations had caused the entire affair. Those who were attacked and police officers involved, like investigator Lemon, never accepted this explanation.

Similar attacks occured in Mattoon, IL, in 1944.

(As an aside, my great aunt, Ruth Harris Morris, remembered this incident, as one of the "gassing attacks" occurred in her neighbor's home).

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Brief History of Greenfield

Historic structure at Greenfield, 2006

Historic Structure at Greenfield, 2006
BRIEF HISTORY OF GREENFIELD (And the Lewis and Clark Connection)
The Preston Family home in Botetourt County, VA, (now (2016) called The Botetourt Center at Greenfield), is an example of one of Botetourt's long-ago plantations. Originally named Greenfield by Colonel William Preston, the remaining 900-acre property is now a multi-use area consisting of industrial sites, an elementary school, and recreational facilities.
William Preston, Sr., (1729-1783), the original founder of Greenfield, played a crucial role in surveying and developing the colonies going westward. Preston exerted great influence in the colonial affairs of his time, ran two large plantations (Greenfield in Botetourt and Smithfield in Montgomery County), and founded a dynasty whose progeny would supply leaders for the South for nearly a century. He served in the Virginia House of Burgesses and was a Colonel in the militia during the American Revolutionary War. He was one of the thirteen signers of the Fincastle Resolutions, a predecessor to the United States Declaration of Independence. He also was a founding trustee of Liberty Hall (later Washington and Lee University), when it was made into a college in 1776.
His son, William Preston, Jr. (Billy) was born in 1770, one of six children born at Greenfield. Billy joined the Botetourt County militia at age 18. From 1791 – 1796 he served in various positions, including captain in the United States Army. By 1796, he had been assigned to the 4th. U.S. Regiment of Infantry where he met and served with Meriwether Lewis & William Clark. They became best friends, and this friendship brought Lewis and Clark to Botetourt County.
The following is a chronology of some of the documented relationships and public events the explorers experienced in Botetourt:
1798 - Billy Preston resigns his Army Commission, returns to Botetourt where he served as a Major in the local Virginia Militia.
March, 1802- Billy Preston marries Caroline Hancock of Fincastle. December 1806 –William Clark returned to Botetourt County after the Expedition.
January 8, 1807 – Citizens give Clark a “Welcome Home” Address & Clark Responds
November 1807 – Meriwether Lewis visits Fincastle for a hoped for social encounter with Letitia Breckinridge. Unfortunately, Letitia looked elsewhere and six months later married a man from Richmond.
January 5, 1808 – William Clark & Judith Hancock were married in Fincastle. Billy Preston assisted in obtaining the marriage certificate by pledging the required $ 150.00 marriage bond. William Clark and Billy Preston have now become brothers-in-laws.
Summer 1808 – Billy Preston wrote a letter to Meriwether Lewis informing him of the marriage of Letitia Breckinridge. Meriwether responded, expressing his heartfelt hurt over the rejection.
There can be no doubt about the strong connection between the Preston Family at Greenfield, and in particular, the relationship between Billy Preston and Meriwether Lewis & William Clark. In William Clark’s detailed description of his 1809 journey eastward from St. Louis, his “Memorandum Book, 1809” provides these travel accounts: “November 12, Col John Preston breakfast, $ 4.25, Abbington; November 19, At Major Prestons.” (Billy and Caroline Hancock Preston's home).
Other descendants of William Preston, Sr. also played a large role in the establishment of early America. Prestons' son James Patton Preston was governor of Virginia from 1816–1819 and he helped charter the University of Virginia. Grandson William Ballard Preston was a Congressman, Secretary of the Navy under Zachary Taylor, and later a Senator from the Confederate States of America. William Ballard Preston also offered the Ordinance of Secession to the Virginia Legislature that resulted in Virginia joining the Confederacy, and he co-founded a small Methodist college, the Preston and Olin Institute, which became what is today Virginia Tech.
The legacy of leadership and patriotism left by William Preston is very long and storied and makes him a true American hero.
The original manor home of Greenfield burned in 1959. Botetourt County purchased the land in 1995.
Sources: The Fincastle Herald, February 2016 (answers to FAQs by Friends of Greenfield Preston Plantation)